Parsley – 14 Health Benefits, Uses, and Side-effects

Traditionally, herbs and medicinal plants have been used in the treatment of diseases since ancient times. These herbs and medicinal plants are widely used in Ayurvedic medicine for their medicinal value. One such excellent herb is parsley. This article describes the general information about the health benefits of parsley.

What is Parsley?

Parsley is a species of flowering plant in the Apiaceae family native to the central and eastern Mediterranean regions but it has been naturalized elsewhere in Europe and is extensively cultivated as herb. Parsley is a flowering plant native to the Mediterranean. Parsley plants contain antioxidants and have many medicinal health benefits. It is a powerful weapon against arthritis, and the phytochemicals found in the parsley plant that protect the plant from viruses, bacteria and fungi can reduce the risk of some cancers, high blood pressure, diabetes and heart disease, according to the American Cancer Society.

Benefits of Parsley

Plant Description

Parsley is a bright green, biennial plant of temperate climates or an annual herb of subtropical and tropical areas. Where it grows as a biennial. The flowering stem grows to 75 cm (30 inches) tall with sparse leaves and flat-topped 3-10 cm diameter yellow to yellow-green flowers. Seeds 2-3 mm long. The plant usually dies after the seeds mature. 

Nutritional value per 100 g of Parsley/Petroselinum crispum 

Nutrition Value 
Energy 151 kj (36 kcal) 
Carbohydrates 6.33 g 
Sugar0.85 g 
Dietary fiber 3.3 g 
Fat 0.79 g
Protein 2.97 g

Nutritional value of vitamins per 100 g of Parsley/Petroselinum crispum

Vitamins Quantity % DV
Vitamin A equiv. 53% 
Beta- Carotene 421 μg 
Lutein zeaxanthin 47% 5054 μg
Thiamine (B1) 7% 0.086 mg 
Riboflavin (B2) 8% 0.09 mg 
Niacin (B3) 9% 1.313 mg
Pantothenic acid (B5) 8% 0.4 mg 
Vitamin B6 7% 0.09 mg 
Folate (B9) 38% 152 μg
Vitamin C 160% 133 mg 
Vitamin E 5% 0.75 mg 
Vitamin K 1562%1640 μg

Nutritional value of minerals per 100 g of Parsley/Petroselinum crispum

Minerals Quantity % DV
Calcium 14% 138 mg 
Iron 48% 6.2 mg 
Magnesium 14% 50 mg 
Manganese 8% 0.16 mg 
Phosphorus 8% 58 mg 
Potassium 12% 554 mg
Sodium 4% 56 mg 
Zinc 11% 1.07 mg 

Scientific classification of Presley/Petroselinum crispum 

  • Kingdom: Plantae
  • Clade: Tracheophytes
  • Clade: Angiosperms
  • Clade: Eudicots
  • Clade: Asterids
  • Order: Apiales
  • Family: Apiaceae
  • Genus: Petroselinum
  • Species: P. crispum
  • Scientific name: Petroselinum crispum

Benefits of Parsley

1. May regulate blood sugar level

Parsley herbs and their essential oil can help regulate blood sugar levels with Myristicin, which is rich in antioxidants called myristicin. It can reduce insulin resistance and inflammation. However, more research is needed to understand these effects.

2. Controls rheumatoid arthritis

Parsley herb is effective against rheumatoid arthritis has been discovered. Vitamin C and beta-carotene found in parsley have anti-inflammatory properties that help control arthritis. Regular consumption of parsley is believed to accelerate the removal of uric acid, which has been associated with the symptoms of arthritis. (1)

3. Helps to menstrual pain and bleeding

Vitamin K in parsley helps to reduce PMS Cramp and other menstrual pains by regulating the function of your hormones. Since vitamin K is a blood clotting vitamin, it helps with excessive menstrual bleeding and provides pain relief for PMS symptoms.

4. Good for healthy hair, skin and eyes

The body needs enough copper to produce the natural pigment and structure of the skin, hair and eyes. Parsley plays a role in the development of Melanin, which is responsible for giving our skin its brown color as well as giving our hair and eyes their unique pigmentation as parsley contains a significant amount of copper.

Read Also: Green Amaranth – 14 Health Benefits, Uses, and Side-effects

5. Insomnia

Parsley contains iron which is useful in treating insomnia in the human body and also improves sleep habits and quality in humans by regulating circadian rhythms. Accurate red blood cell counts can reduce blood pressure variations, which can often keep people awake at night. 

6. Treats night blindness

Vitamin A deficiency causes night blindness, and parsley herb, being rich in this vitamin, can help treat the condition. Parsley root juice contains two antioxidants – pro-vitamin A carotenoid and beta-carotene, which protects retina and cornea from damage, which helps prevent eye disorders like macular degeneration and cataracts.

Read Also: Ambarella – 10 Health Benefits, Uses, and Side-effects

7. Anti-cancer power

Parsley herbal oil contains high amounts of flavonoids known as apigenin and unique compounds called volatile oil components – (myristicin, limonene, eugenol and alpha thujene). Juice of parsley root helps to prevent cancer, especially by reducing tumor growth, neutralizing oxidative stress and preventing cancer, and fighting carcinogens.

8. Supports glands health

Parsley has the ability to reduce swelling and enlarged glands. The herb is also known to calm the adrenal glands. The root of this herb contains calcium, iron and B-complex vitamins, all of which nourish the parathyroid glands and help maintain overall healthy gland health.

9. Promotes bone health

Parsley contains extremely high levels of vitamin K which is essential for bone density, bone strength and fighting bone fractures. Along with calcium, magnesium, vitamin D and phosphorus, this mineral promotes bone health. Parsley herb prevents bone resorption.

10. Treats anemia

Being rich in iron, parsley herb leaves are rich in vitamin C to improve iron absorption. As a result, it helps in the treatment of anemia.

11. Antibacterial properties

Parsley herbs exhibit antibacterial properties, especially against Staphylococcus aureus bacteria. Essential oils from organic herbs provide antibacterial and antioxidant properties. Parsley herbs are also effective against gram positive and gram negative bacteria. This herb can be used for medicinal purposes.

12. Improves blood sugar and protects kidney

This herb contain a certain type of antioxidants that help lower blood sugar levels and improve the functioning of the pancreas. It has anti-inflammatory properties with some types of antioxidants such as flavonoids and carotenoids. Parsley benefits to reduce high blood pressure, ensures good kidney health.

13. Keeps your heart healthy

Parsley is rich in medicinal iron and improves RBC count which is essential for good heart health. It contains carotenoids that reduce risks like chronic inflammation and high blood pressure. It helps in the production of good cholesterol and fights against bad cholesterol.

Read Also: Andrographis Paniculata – 7 Health Benefits, Uses, and Side-effects of Green Chiretta

14. Diuretic effects

Parsley has been used as a herbal diuretic that helps control numerous diseases such as kidney stones, urinary tract infections, and gallstones. Edema is a medical disorder in which a patient retains more fluid in the body than he or she would normally retain. The body swells due to the accumulation of fluid. If you are suffering from this condition, a few teaspoons of parsley herbal juice can provide some quick relief. The roots of parsley herbs are also very useful in preventing kidney stones. Add parsley plant root to boiling water and it is known to be effective as a general cleanser for the body taken on a daily basis.

Uses of Parsley

Parsley herbs are widely used as a garnish, spice, food and flavor. Parsley herbs are used fresh or dried especially in fish, meat, soups, sauces and salads. You can add parsley to smoothies to boost nutrition and flavor. Also can be used in homemade pizza, juices. Parsley can be incorporated into herbal marinades and dressings. 

Side effects of Parsley 

It is probably unsafe to consume very large amounts of parsley, as it can cause other side effects such as anemia and liver or kidney problems. Also, it is unsafe to apply parsley seed oil directly to the skin as it can make the skin extra sensitive to the sun and can be irritant. The safety of applying the roots and leaves of parsley herb to the skin is not well known. Large amounts of herbs during pregnancy can cause uterine contractions. Parsley herbal leaves are not safe for breastfeeding women. 

Therefore, parsley should be used in the right amount considering its advantages and disadvantages as excessive use of any ingredient can harm our health. The above information is provided for general information purposes only. It is recommended to consult a doctor before using parsley in treatment. 


The information discussed in this article has introduced you to the health benefits of parsley. In this article you will learn about the benefits, harms, uses and information of parsley. I hope the information mentioned in this article will be useful to you. Thank you!


1. Which place produces the most parsley? 

Ans: California is the largest producer of parsley. 

2. Where does the parsley plant originate? 

Ans: Parsley is native to the Mediterranean region of Southern Europe and Western Asia. 

3. Is parsley good for insomnia? 

Ans: Parsley contains iron which is useful in treating insomnia in the human body and also improves sleep habits and quality in humans by regulating circadian rhythms. Accurate red blood cell counts can minimize variations in blood pressure, which can often keep people awake at night. 

4. Parsley belongs to which family of plants? 

Ans: Parsley is a medicinal plant belonging to the Apiaceae family. 

5. What is the scientific name of parsley? 

Ans: The scientific name of parsley is Petroselinum crispum. 

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